Owámniyomni, a Dakota Name for “St. Anthony Falls”

Morning mist at St. Anthony Falls. Image courtesy of Mona M. Smith and Joanne Richardson.
Morning mist at St. Anthony Falls. Image courtesy of Mona M. Smith and Joanne Richardson.

By Mona M. Smith

Owámniyomni, a Dakota name for “St. Anthony Falls,” means turbulent water, whirlpool, eddy. To Dakota people the Mississippi River has a few names, one is ȟaȟáwakpá – the river of the falls, a name that reveals the importance of the waterfall.

The current concrete cascade used to make me sad. Smooth water sliding not tumbling, curling water falling. More human interference. More human pretense. “We didn’t really completely destroy the ONLY waterfall on the Mississippi, see?” Artificial. Built. Meaningless. No evolution here, just engineering and pseudo waterfalls. Then I spent time at the falls with a Dakota elder whose name connects her to Owámniyomni. She helped me feel the power of the falls that continues, that is stronger than human power. Then I could see and feel that at the bottom of the smooth slide down the human made part of the falls is the whirling water, the spray, the energy and power of the falls. The falls are manufactured, but the water’s spirit endures. Now I recognize why I feel clearer and soothed and somehow energized each time I spend time in the St. Anthony Falls area. I can’t provide specifics, but the water of the river looks and feels different to me since spending time there with her. I see an indescribable spirit of the water. I feel the possibility of healing. When I spend enough time with the river, I know I will be better able to hear her messages.

Another elder in a video piece produced years ago for the Bdote Memory Map said, “Water is the most powerful medicine. Water can heal anything. All we have to do is ask.” When I see the river in that new way, when it doesn’t look like I used to see it, I ask.

Yet another elder says that St. Anthony Falls is a teaching place. I’ve thought about what it teaches me. One of the first things I learn from the falls is that change is part of everything, even the 2,320-mile long Mississippi River. The falls express change on a scale far beyond human timeline. Twelve thousand years ago the falls were near Imnizaska (St. Paul). Now they are in Bde Ota Otunwe (Minneapolis). Nothing stays the same. Another thing I learn is that power is not ours. Humans imagine being highest on some invented hierarchy of existence. Listening to St. Anthony Falls, one learns that humans are a part of mitakuye owasin (all my relations) and can manipulate, damage, distort, but makha ina (mother earth) has dominion.

Recommended Citation

Smith, Mona M. 2016. “Owámniyomni, a Dakota Name for ‘St. Anthony Falls’” Open Rivers: Rethinking The Mississippi, no. 4. https://openrivers.lib.umn.edu/article/owamniyomni-a-dakota-name-for-st-anthony-falls/.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24926/2471190X.2107

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